Exploring the Thyroid Gland

What is it and what does it do? 

Who would have thought that little butterfly-shaped gland that lies just below your voice box has such a large impact on the body? Yet, it is responsible for energising almost every organ. With the release of the hormones thyroxine (T4) and triioothyronine (T3), the thyroid gland is able to regulate our metabolism, body temperature, mood, as well as play part in our physical and mental growth and development. A healthy thyroid is therefore necessary in order for our bodies to function optimally. 

 

What are common thyroid disorders? 

The effects of an unhealthy thyroid can have obvious effects and our bodies are not shy in letting us know in a number of ways. The two most common disorders affecting the thyroid today are hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism, with women being five to eight times more prone to developing these problems than men.

 

What is Hyperthyroidism?

Hyperthyroidism is when there is an overproduction of thyroid hormones. This is known as having an overactive thyroid. Overproduction will speed up the metabolic process which can cause symptoms such as: 

  • Nervousness
  • Irritability
  • Anxiety
  • Thin skin 
  • Brittle hair and nails
  • Weight loss 
  • Muscle weakness
  • Increased heartbeat 
  • Sleeping problems
  • Diarrhoea 

 

What causes Hyperthyroidism? 

  • Grave’s disease – This is a hereditary autoimmune disease where the body erroneously attacks the thyroid gland. It is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism and is further characterised by the appearance of bulging eyes from the sockets. 
  • Goitre – This is a direct result of an inflamed thyroid; impacting its functionality and is identifiable by the notable swelling in the neck. The main cause is a lack of iodine in the body. This causes the thyroid to work overtime. 
  • Too much iodine – Medication or foods with high levels of iodine such as Lugol’s solution, Amiodarone, and even some cough syrups will increase the levels of iodine in the body. This has dire effects on the functionality of the thyroid. 

 

What is Hypothyroidism?

Hypothyroidism, on the other hand, is the underproduction of thyroid hormones. When the thyroid is sluggish, struggling to produce the necessary hormones, a delay occurs in your body’s natural functions. This can cause numerous problems. Symptoms include:  

  • Weight gain
  • Fatigue
  • Depression
  • Decreased sweating 
  • Impaired memory 
  • Fertility problems
  • Higher blood cholesterol
  • Constipation 

 

What Causes Hypothyroidism? 

  • Hashimoto’s Disease is the most common cause of hypothyroidism. This predominantly affects middle-aged women. This autoimmune disease causes the body to slowly destroy the thyroid gland and its ability to sufficiently produce hormones. 
  • Poor diet – Diets lacking in the nutrients iodine and selenium are detrimental to your health. The thyroid gland needs both of these nutrients in order to effectively produce the necessary thyroid hormones that the body needs. 
  • Gut inflammation – As thyroid issues commonly stem from autoimmune diseases, a healthy gut is important as an unhealthy one is known to increase the autoimmune activity in the body.
  • Other factors contributing to thyroid disorders may be:
  • Lack of exercise
  • High stress levels
  • Pregnancy
  • Hormone imbalances

 

Vitamins and Minerals: improving thyroid health

As we know, iodine is a particularly important nutrient to thyroid health, but there are various vitamins that play a part in a healthy and functional thyroid gland. 

Our VitaFuzion range is full of crucial nutrients and vitamins vital for maintaining a healthy thyroid. Not only will our concoction of nutrients improve the production of thyroid hormones but help support and alleviate many symptoms associated with overactive and underactive thyroids. 


Responsible for providing energy to almost every organ in our bodies, it is obvious that we need to look after this important gland. By providing our bodies with the right vitamins and nutrients, we create a cycle of care – look after your body so that it can look after you. Click here to book your IV drip session.